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The key driver behind the idea of the PowerShell 3.0 is to automate the management of all the things that are related to Windows Server 2012. All management tasks can be accomplished using the PowerShell. It has a remote capability where you can run PowerShell script from any server you have access rights.
The Windows Server 2012 also includes up to 2,430 cmdlets which are added with the PowerShell ability in creating workflows; the new server OS has a new dimension when it comes to system management.
The Windows hypervisor has now become a little better bringing new features on the Windows Server 2012 through the Hyper-V. One of the most significant features in this is the Hyper-V Replica which is a replication mechanism that serves as disaster recovery to the SMBs. It might not be able to set up complicated and expensive replication solutions.
The clustering was primarily confined to the high-availability services and high-performance computing like the SQL Server in the previous Windows Server versions. This requires special licenses and an additional installation process for certain components.
However, for the Windows Server 2012, clustering is already included in the Standard edition which makes it possible to create a fault-tolerant and two-node cluster at a modest price. The CAU or the cluster-aware updating feature allows for performing patches, updates, and running the cluster nodes without the need to interrupt or reboot the cluster itself.
Duplicating copies of similar data files can cost both time and money in primary storage as well as in backups. While the data deduplication is not a new technology and has been introduced in backup and storage vendors, it has now become a part of the secondary operating system itself with the Windows Server 2012.
This feature is also integrated with the BranchCache to help in saving the total bandwidth consumption whenever WAN is used for distributing data. Aside from speeding up the file transfers, the deduplicating data that travels in the WAN can minimize costs for a meter or dedicated network circuits.
The Direct Access for the previous versions of Windows Servers is hard to set up and configure. However, the wizard used to configure the new Direct Access for Windows Server 2012 is now simplified. There is only a single screen needed to deploy the Direct Access with a one network adapter behind the firewall or any other edge device.
The wizard is also used in setting up the Group Policy objects, registering items into the DNS, and configuring the required certificates.
Windows Server 2012 features a new file system which is the ReFS or Resilient File System. This is more faults tolerant and can better support larger sizes of volumes compared to its older version which is the NTFS or NT File System.
ReFS can write data into separate parts of the disk before overwriting the file and can intercept file corruption as it happens instead of requiring taking the corrupted file offline.
The IIS for the Windows Server 2012 has been improved when it comes to operating on a larger scale. One of the improvements includes the better CPU throttling that is based on the actual worker processes.
There is a new option that allows setting for the limit on the CPU usage when in high-load situations. However, it doesn’t enforce limits if there is enough CPU capacity.
Minimum hardware requirements for installing Microsoft Windows Server 2012 Standard Edition are as follows:
Recommended hardware requirements for installing Microsoft Windows Server 2012 Standard Edition are as follows:
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